There was a very interesting article in the NYTimes last week about how Facebook has “weaponized” ad tech. Although the article was really meant to highlight the abuses of political advertising on Facebook as we move toward the 2018 elections, the impact of micro targeting in the political sphere carries over to all publishers.
Facebook has made a mint by enabling advertisers to identify and reach the very people most likely to react to their messages. Ad buyers can select audiences based on details like a user’s location, political leanings and interests as specific as the Museum of the Confederacy or online gambling. And they can aim their ads at as few as 20 of the 1.5 billion daily users of the social network.
But microtargeting, as the technique is called, is coming under increased scrutiny in the United States and Europe. Some government officials, researchers and advertising executives warn that it can be exploited to polarize and manipulate voters. And they are calling for restrictions on its use in politics, even after Facebook, in response to criticism, recently limited some of the targeting categories available to advertisers.
Commercially, the worst offenders of microtargeting are high frequency users of retargeting, often e-commerce sites. Retargeting has now grown so accurate and often so intrusive that it does things like target people off Facebook who have had a conversation about a product on Facebook or the converse: showing Facebook ads to someone who has had a conversation about a product over, say, Gmail. Retargeting is the activity folks who are sensitive to privacy violations refer to as web stalking.
Not only that, but according to some experts retargeting isn’t even a good way to measure whether ad spend works. Retailers tend to think it helps cure the problem of cart abandonment, but they never can tell whether retargeting brought the consumer back, or perhaps payday did. Or a competitor’s ad did. We’re measuring what’s easy to measure, rather than whether our ad spend really works. This is one writer’s cynical view:
Since there is no easy way to measure if ads drive incremental revenue, it is in the best interest of performance-marketing directors, retargeting companies, ad agencies and Google to aggressively target consumers who are highly likely to purchase anyway. It amounts to a retargeting conspiracy among willful participants, and it threatens to drag down digital people-based marketing’s potential long into the future.
We think it would be much easier to measure attribution if more media buys were done with context in mind. Perhaps that’s what Amazon has in mind when analysts predict its ad revenues will surpass its AWS revenues by 2020.